Harvard University - Department of Molecular & Cellular Biology

MEMBERS OF THE BOARD OF TUTORS

Winston, Fred, Ph.D.

Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School

http://genetics.med.harvard.edu/~winston/

profile_image We are interested in understanding the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression at the level of transcription and chromatin structure. Our studies are done in the budding yeast S. cerevisiae and in the distantly related fission yeast S. pombe. Both of these yeasts share most fundamental aspects of gene regulation with larger eukaryotes, including Drosophila and humans. As unicellular eukaryotes, yeast cells are particularly valuable for understanding transcriptional responses to many types of changes, including changes in oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen limitations, and changes during mating and meiosis. We use several related experimental approaches in our studies, including genetics, functional genomics. and biochemistry. One broad area of focus in our lab is the study of a transcriptional coactivator complexes that regulate transcription. One of these complexes, named SAGA, is a complex of 19 proteins that controls the expression of a large number of genes in vivo. SAGA can control transcription by distinct mechanisms, including histone acetylation. We are interested in several aspects of SAGA, including its mechanisms of action in response to environmental changes, and its assembly and structure. Two other classes of coactivator complexes we study are nucleosome remodeling complexes, which modify nucleosome structure to allow other factors bind to their sites, and Mediator, which controls the distance over which transcriptional activation can occur. Another area of study addresses the regulation of histone levels. Our work has shown that histone levels are controlled both by regulating transcription of histone genes, by a factor called Spt10, and by controlling the actual number of histone genes by a specific gene amplification mechanism. Another factor we study, Spt6, controls the density of nucleosomes across chromosomes. In addition to these studies, our lab has interests in many other aspects of transcriptional control. These include the transcriptional responses to changes in oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon levels, and the control of meiosis. Studying these conserved processes in yeast will allow us to understand their functions both in vivo and in vitro. References: Martens, J.A., Wu, P.-Y.J., and Winston, F. 2005. Regulation of an intergenic transcript controls adjacent gene transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genes & Dev. 19, 2695-2704. Nourani, A., Robert, F., and Winston, F. 2006. Evidence that Spt2/Sin1, and HMG-like factor, plays roles in transcription elongation, chromatin structure, and genome stability in S. cerevisiae. Mol. Cell. Biol. 26, 1496-1509. Libuda, D.E., and Winston, F. 2006. Amplification of histone genes by circular chromosome formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature 443, 1003-1007.

Below is a listing of current tutors:

  • (1)   Aldovini, Anna , M.D., Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital
  • (2)   Auld, David , Ph.D., Department of Biology, Boston College
  • (3)   Ausubel, Frederick , Ph.D., Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital
  • (4)   Berg, Howard , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (5)   Brenner, Michael , Ph.D., Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University
  • (6)   Brenner, Tamara , Ph.D., Life Sciences Division, Harvard University
  • (7)   Buratowski, Stephen , Ph.D., BCMP, Harvard Medical School
  • (8)   Burton, Briana , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (9)   Carroll, Michael , Ph.D., CBR Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School
  • (10)   Chen, Bing , Ph.D., Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Children's Hospital
  • (11)   Chou, James , Ph.D., BCMP, Harvard Medical School
  • (12)   Clapham, David , M.D., Ph.D., Department of Neurobiology, Children's Hospital
  • (13)   Clardy, John , Ph.D., BCMP, Harvard Medical School
  • (14)   D'Souza, Victoria , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (15)   DePace, Angela , Ph.D., Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School
  • (16)   Dulac, Catherine , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (17)   Eck, Michael , M.D., Ph.D., BCMP, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  • (18)   Eggan, Kevin , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (19)   Engert, Florian , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (20)   Erikson, Raymond , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (21)   Fisher, David , M.D., Ph.D., Department of Pediatrics, Dana Farber Cancer Institute
  • (22)   Fraenkel, Dan , Ph.D., Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School
  • (23)   Fraenkel, Ernest , Ph.D., Division of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • (24)   Fraenkel, Paula , M.D., Hematology/Oncology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • (25)   Gaudet, Rachelle , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (26)   Goldfeld, Anne , M.D., CBR Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School
  • (27)   Goldstein, Richard , Ph.D., Professor of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center
  • (28)   Gray, Nathanael , Ph.D., BCMP, Harvard Medical School
  • (29)   Guidotti, Guido , M.D., Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (30)   Haigis, Marcia , Ph.D., Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School
  • (31)   Harrison, Stephen , Ph.D., BCMP, Harvard Medical School
  • (32)   Hedley, Mary Lynne , Ph.D., MGI Pharma Biologics
  • (33)   Hinds, Philip , Ph.D., Molecular Oncology Research Institute, Tufts - New England Medical Center
  • (34)   Hung, Deborah , M.D., Ph.D., Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School
  • (35)   Hunter, Craig , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (36)   Jasanoff, Alan , Ph.D., Nuclear Engineering/Brain & Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • (37)   Kahne, Daniel , Ph.D., Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University
  • (38)   Kay, Jeremy , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (39)   Kieff, Elliott , M.D., Ph.D., Channing Laboratory, Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • (40)   Kirchhausen, Tomas , Ph.D., CBR Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School
  • (41)   Kishony, Roy , Ph.D., Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School
  • (42)   Kleckner, Nancy , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (43)   Kolter, Roberto , Ph.D., Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School
  • (44)   Kopcow, Hernan , Ph.D., Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
  • (45)   Kunes, Samuel , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (46)   Lahav, Galit , Ph.D., Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School
  • (47)   Leschziner, Andres , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (48)   Liberles, Stephen , Ph.D., Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School
  • (49)   Lichtman, Jeff , M.D., Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (50)   Lieberman, Judy , M.D., Ph.D., CBR Institute for Biomedical Research, Harvard Medical School
  • (51)   Lilley, Brendan , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (52)   Livingston, David , M.D., Department of Genetics, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  • (53)   Loeken, Mary , Ph.D., Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School
  • (54)   Losick, Richard , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (55)   Lue, Robert , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (56)   Magasanik, Boris , Ph.D., Biology Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • (57)   McKeon, Frank , Ph.D., Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School
  • (58)   Michel, Thomas , M.D., Ph.D., Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • (59)   Miller, Jeffrey , Ph.D., Neuromuscular Biology & Disease Group, Boston Biomedical Research Institute
  • (60)   Miller, Theodore , Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer, Reify Corporation
  • (61)   Moazed, Danesh , Ph.D., Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School
  • (62)   Murthy, Venkatesh , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (63)   Navia, Manuel , , Oxford Bioscience Partners
  • (64)   Nelson, David , Ph.D., Department of Physics, Harvard University
  • (65)   Olesen, James , Ph.D., Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Door LLP
  • (66)   Peattie, Debra , MBA, Ph.D., Harvard University
  • (67)   Ranjbar, Shahin , Ph.D., Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School
  • (68)   Rheinwald, James , Ph.D., Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital
  • (69)   Rivera-Feliciano, Jose , Ph.D., Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard University
  • (70)   Sabeti, Pardis , D.Phil, M.D., FAS Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University
  • (71)   Sanes, Joshua , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (72)   Sassanfar, Mandana , Ph.D., Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • (73)   Sato, Vicki , Ph.D., Technology and Operations Management, Harvard Business School
  • (74)   Schier, Alexander , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (75)   Shamu, Caroline , Ph.D., Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School
  • (76)   Shi, Yang , Ph.D., Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School
  • (77)   Silberstein, Lev , M.D., Ph.D., Harvard University
  • (78)   Starnbach, Michael , Ph.D., Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School
  • (79)   Stern, Bodo , Ph.D., FAS Center for Systems Biology, Harvard University
  • (80)   Stern, Joel N.H. , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (81)   Strominger, Jack , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (82)   Sweadner, Kathleen , M.D., Harvard University
  • (83)   Tong, Jeffrey , Ph.D., Nora Therapeutics
  • (84)   Torello, A. Thomas , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (85)   Toth, Joseph , Ph.D., Merrimack Pharmaceuticals
  • (86)   Tucci, Greg , Ph.D., Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University
  • (87)   Vaughan, Cheryl , Ph.D., Graduate Program in Biotechnology, Harvard University
  • (88)   Viel, Alain , Ph.D., Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University
  • (89)   Walker, Suzanne , Ph.D., Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School
  • (90)   Winston, Fred , Ph.D., Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School